Aid agencies criticize UN Security Council over Syria
March 12: Syria: More than 20 international aid organizations have criticized the United Nations Security Council and said it has failed to implement three resolutions passed last year seeking to boost humanitarian assistance to Syrian civilians.
The aid groups say the resolutions have been “ignored or undermined by the parties to the conflict, other UN member states, and even by members of the UNSC itself”.
They said in a report released on Thursday that despite the resolutions violence in Syria has intensified, aid access has decreased and humanitarian assistance remains “chronically underfunded”.
The aid groups, including the International Rescue Committee, the Norwegian Refugee Council and Handicap International, call on UN members to ensure the resolutions are fully implemented.
The report was released as Syria enters its fifth year since an uprising that has turned into civil war began in March 2011.
Another UN-backed report released on Wednesday said that the war had plunged 80 percent of Syrian people into poverty, reduced life expectancy by 20 years and led to massive economic losses estimated at over $200bn since the conflict began in 2011.
The Syrian Center for Policy Research painted a devastating picture of the “systematic collapse and destruction” of Syria‘s economic foundations in the report, saying the nation’s wealth, infrastructure, institutions and much of its workforce have been “obliterated”.
Almost three million Syrians lost their jobs during the conflict, which meant that more than 12 million people lost their primary source of income, the report said, and unemployment surged from 14.9 percent in 2011 to 57.7 percent at the end of 2014.
The report said that Syria now has the second-largest refugee population in the World after the Palestinians, with 3.33 million people fleeing to other countries, it said. In addition, 1.55 million Syrians left the country to find work and a safer life elsewhere while 6.8 million fled their homes but remain in Syria.
The Oslo Times